Monitoring of the impact of the project actions

Action D.1

Ornithological, hydrological monitoring and water chemistry analysis of rehabilitated steppe pans.

The objective for ornithological monitoring is to gain supporting evidence and data on the change of birdlife that proves the positive changes of the ecological status of the grazed and rehabilitated steppe pans.

Standard monitoring methods will be used that was developed by BirdLife Hungary (Common Bird Census, Migratory Waterbird Monitoring, Rare and colony breeding bird monitoring). Besides the above mentioned methods, general biodiversity monitoring is done, too.


The hydrological monitoring and water chemistry analysis (formerly Action D.5) is necessary for classification purposes, in order to be able to determine whether these wetlands are unique to the Hortobágy and to the Carpathian basin in terms of water chemistry.

The activity of a help-desk co-ordinator is also part of this action. His/her task is to measure grazing intensity and to motivate herdsmen to manage steppe lakes according to project objectives by introducing them the natural values of the area and keeping a personal contact with them. 

Action D.2

Amphibian monitoring

The aim of the action is to verify the enhancement of the ecological state of the rehabilitated and grazed steppe lakes with the positive change in population of Natura2000 indicator species, like the Fire-bellied toad (Bombina bombina).

Action D.3

Aquatic macrozoobenton monitoring

The aim of the action is to describe and indicate the population dynamics, species pool and quantitative changes of macrozoobenton populations in the rehabilitated and grazed steppe lakes and their surrounding catchments.

Action D.4

Botanical monitoring

In action D.4 the objective is to describe the plant associations of rehabilitated and grazed steppe lakes and their surrounding catchments. Algae will be also monitored as they are excellent indicators on the quality and ecological status of the water.

Vegetation and habitat mapping, phytomass and seed pool will be examined during monitoring. 

Action D.6

Cost-benefit analysis of actions

A cost-benefit analysis have an outmost importance in actions C.5-C.9.
Grazing methodology and land management systems will be examined in C.5-C.9 actions. There are three types of grazing known in Hungary.  The first is general grazing, the main goal is generating profit.  In case of grazing for gene preservation the main goal is to preserve the gene pool of the Hungarian native domestic animals. From a conservation point of view the most important, but not widely used is conservation grazing, which adapts to the conservation objectives of the area.

In the project we undertake a research for the costs and additional cost of the maintenance of the rehabilitated habitats. With the results decision makers will have a view over the sustainability of the conservation grazing systems that are supported by agricultural financial schemes. 

Action D.7

Socio-economic monitoring

All actions in the project are aiming for a positive socio-economic approach with an immediate or a mid-term measurability.

Substantial number of new jobs will be created (11) as well as existing jobs preserved (28). Local workforce is preferred and such contractors who hire local employees.

During the Action  - together with the cost-benefit analysis – the sustainability and socio-economic  aspects will be examined.